At Left: PICACHO PEAK BATTLEFIELD
Near this site on April 15, 1862 Confederate and Union scouts fought a sharp skirmish.
Three Union dead were buried on the battlefield.
The approach of a strong Union force from California hastened
the Confederate withdrawal from Arizona to the Rio Grande.
At Right: HISTORIC SITE
Dedicated to those Confederate frontiersmen who occupied Arizona Territory, C.S.A. created by President Jefferson Davis, February 14, 1862.
Just two months later, ten of Capt. Sherod Hunter’s Confederate Cavalrymen successfully
defended Picacho Pass against thirteen Union soldiers who suffered three killed
and three wounded but did manage to capture Confederate Sgt. Henry Holmes
and Pvts. William Dwyer and John W. Hill before retreating.
This “Westernmost Battle of the Civil War” delayed for a month the advance
of a 2500-man Union column and hastened establishment of Arizona Territory, U.S.A. on February 24, 1863
By Children of the Confederacy, United Daughters of the Confederacy,and
Arizona Historical Society
June 14, 2009